Education for students has entered a new paradigm during the co-19 pandemic in the last five months. The policy pursued by the government by establishing free learning became a new era in the world of education. Learners at the level of basic education to tertiary education need to adjust to the new situation in the learning process of the current era of independent learning. The co-19 pandemic situation invites education to conduct learning and learning activities indirectly through online-based media by utilizing the sophistication of information technology as a result of the industrial revolution 4.0. Education through online-based media provides opportunities for students to develop independently with coaching and guidance from educators and education staff at the elementary to the tertiary level. Students need the right form of education in order to be able to adjust personal conditions with the competencies needed in education of the independent learning era. Critical thinking education is one alternative for students to equip physical and psychological aspects to be able to adjust to education in the era of learning. The purpose of this study is to provide a descriptive picture of the importance of critical thinking education for students in the independent learning era. This research method uses literature study. Data sources are research articles and books relevant to the purpose of the study. Data analysis techniques using content analysis (content analysis) and research instruments in the form of a check list of research data sources that are needed. The results showed that critical thinking education for students became an important requirement in the era of independent learning. So that educators and education personnel need to provide facilities in providing critical thinking education for students.


Download data is not yet available.


Abidah, A., Hidaayatullaah, H. N., Simamora, R. M., Fehabutar, D., & Mutakinati, L. (2020). The Impact of Covid-19 to Indonesian Education and Its Relation to the Philosophy of “Merdeka Belajar.” Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education, 1(1), 38–49.
Almanthari, A., Maulina, S., & Bruce, S. (2020). Secondary School Mathematics Teachers’ Views on E-learning Implementation Barriers during the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Case of Indonesia. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 16(7), em1860.
Alfaiz, A, Yandri, H., Yuzarion, Y, Lestari, L.P.S, & Heriyani. E., (2019). Persepsi Agentik Individu untuk Mencapai Prestasi Pribadi dalam Aktivitas Karir : Riset Pendahuluan. Psychocentrum Review, Vol. 1 No. 2, p. 85-95. https://doi.org/10.30998/pcr.1276. https://journal.unindra.ac.id/index.php/pcr/article/view/76.
Alfaiz, Hidayah, N, Hambali, IM, & Radjah, C.L. (2019). Human Agency as a Self-Cognition of Human Autonomous Learning: A Synthesized Practical of Agentic Approach. Journal of Social Studies Education Research. Vol. 10. No. 4. https://www.jsser.org/index.php/jsser/article/view/1370.
Anazifa, R. D., & Djukri, D. (2017). Project-Based Learning and Problem-Based Learning: Are They Effective to Improve Student’s Thinking Skills? Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 6(2), 346–355.
Arifin, S., & Muslim, M. O. H. (2020). Tantangan Implementasi Kebijakan “Merdeka Belajar, Kampus Merdeka” pada Perguruan Tinggi Islam Swasta di Indonesia. JURNAL PENDIDIKAN ISLAM AL-ILMI, 3(1).
Bao, W. (2020). COVID‐19 and online teaching in higher education: A case study of Peking University. Human Behavior and Emerging Technologies, 2(2), 113–115.
Basilaia, G., & Kvavadze, D. (2020). Transition to online education in schools during a SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic in Georgia. Pedagogical Research, 5(4), 1–9.
Bell, S. (2010). Project-based learning for the 21st century: Skills for the future. The Clearing House, 83(2), 39–43.
Bergmann, J., & Sams, A. (2012). Flip your classroom: Reach every student in every class every day. International society for technology in education.
Cao, W., Fang, Z., Hou, G., Han, M., Xu, X., Dong, J., & Zheng, J. (2020). The psychological impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on college students in China. Psychiatry Research, 112934.
Chick, R. C., Clifton, G. T., Peace, K. M., Propper, B. W., Hale, D. F., Alseidi, A. A., & Vreeland, T. J. (2020). Using technology to maintain the education of residents during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Surgical Education.
Ennis, R. H. (2018). Critical thinking across the curriculum: A vision. Topoi, 37(1), 165–184.
Esposito, S., & Principi, N. (2020). School closure during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic: an effective intervention at the global level? JAMA Pediatrics.
Hidayah, N. (2015). Mengasah Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis dan Kreatif. Makalah Dalam Prosiding Seminar Nasional Bimbingan Dan Konseling Di Surabaya, Kerjasama Pengurus Daerah ABKIN [Asosiasi Bimbingan Dan Konseling Indonesia] Jawa Timur Dan Universitas PGRI [Persatuan Guru Republik Indonesia] Adibuana Surabaya.
Hwang, G.-J., Lai, C.-L., & Wang, S.-Y. (2015). Seamless flipped learning: a mobile technology-enhanced flipped classroom with effective learning strategies. Journal of Computers in Education, 2(4), 449–473.
Jou, M., Lin, Y.-T., & Wu, D.-W. (2016). Effect of a blended learning environment on student critical thinking and knowledge transformation. Interactive Learning Environments, 24(6), 1131–1147.
Kim, M. K., Kim, S. M., Khera, O., & Getman, J. (2014). The experience of three flipped classrooms in an urban university: an exploration of design principles. The Internet and Higher Education, 22, 37–50.
Lee, J. (2020). Mental health effects of school closures during COVID-19. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, 4(6), 421.
Martyn, J., Terwijn, R., Kek, M. Y. C. A., & Huijser, H. (2014). Exploring the relationships between teaching, approaches to learning and critical thinking in a problem-based learning foundation nursing course. Nurse Education Today, 34(5), 829–835.
Masek, A., & Yamin, S. (2011). The effect of problem based learning on critical thinking ability: a theoretical and empirical review. International Review of Social Sciences and Humanities, 2(1), 215–221.
Nicola, M., Alsafi, Z., Sohrabi, C., Kerwan, A., Al-Jabir, A., Iosifidis, C., Agha, M., & Agha, R. (2020). The socio-economic implications of the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19): A review. International Journal of Surgery (London, England), 78, 185.
Putri, A., Roza, Y., & Maimunah, M. (2020). Development of learning tools with the discovery learning model to improve the critical thinking ability of mathematics. Journal of Educational Sciences, 4(1), 83–92.
Ramdani, R, Rofiqah, T, Khairat, I, Saragi, M.P.D, Saputra, R. (2020). The Role of School Counselors to Helping Student in Puberty Through The Collaborative Paradigm. ENLIGHTEN: Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling Islam. Vol. 3. No 1. https://journal.iainlangsa.ac.id/index.php/enlighten/article/view/1528
Rose, S. (2020). Medical student education in the time of COVID-19. Jama.
Saputra, R, Hasrul, Ammamiarihta, Handayani, P.G, (2019). Konseling Religius Berbasis Rasional Emotif Behavior Terapi (REBT) untuk Meningkatkan Kesadaran Spiritual Keagamaan Siswa SMA. Jurnal KOPASTA. Vol. 6, No. 2. https://www.journal.unrika.ac.id/index.php/kopastajournal/article/view/2129.
Suarniati, N. W., Ardhana, I. W., Hidayah, N., & Handarini, D. M. (2019). The Difference between the effects of problem-based learning strategy and conventional strategy on vocational school students’ critical thinking skills in civic education. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 18(8).
Suarniati, N. W., Hidayah, N., & Handarini, M. D. (2018). The development of learning tools to improve students’ critical thinking skills in vocational high school. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 175(1), 12095.
Toquero, C. M. (2020). Challenges and opportunities for higher education amid the COVID-19 pandemic: The Philippine context. Pedagogical Research, 5(4).
Viner, R. M., Russell, S. J., Croker, H., Packer, J., Ward, J., Stansfield, C., Mytton, O., Bonell, C., & Booy, R. (2020). School closure and management practices during coronavirus outbreaks including COVID-19: a rapid systematic review. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health.
Yerimadesi, Y., Bayharti, B., Azizah, A., Lufri, L., Andromeda, A., & Guspatni, G. (2019). Effectiveness of acid-base modules based on guided discovery learning for increasing critical thinking skills and learning outcomes of senior high school student. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1185(1), 12151.
How to Cite
SAPUTRA, Randi et al. URGENSI PENDIDIKAN BERPIKIR KRITIS ERA MERDEKA BELAJAR BAGI PESERTA DIDIK. Tarbawi : Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, [S.l.], v. 16, n. 01, p. 111-116, july 2020. ISSN 2615-6547. Available at: <http://ejournal.iainkerinci.ac.id/index.php/tarbawi/article/view/576>. Date accessed: 08 aug. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.32939/tarbawi.v16i01.576.