KEBIJAKAN FISKAL DAN MONETER DALAM PERSPEKTIF EKONOMI ISLAM

  • Al-Fadli Al-Fadli

Abstract

Islam does not separate between what is required for people with efforts to achieve human prosperity, but it makes two things are related. Muslims consider the interests of individual communities simultaneously. When Islam organize a society problem, it noticed the interests of individuals, thus in vise versa when setting individual interests, community interests are not ignored. This paper outlines a sistematic way how the rules of Islam are in the economy macro, especially in matters of monetary policy and physical (monetary and fiscal policy). However, before entering into the study of monetary policy in Islam economy, it should be emphasized that Islam forbids the practice of usury. Fiscal policy is government policy to use instruments such as tax-fiscal instruments (tax), transfer, or government spending (government spending / purchase) intended to affect the macro-economic indicators such as economic growth and inflation. In general, fiscal policy is a form of macro-economic policies in government where the achievement of objectives focused on goods within the country (domestic goods), household, and corporate / private / entrepreneur. Monetary policy (monetary policy) is an effort to control macroeconomic circumstances in order to be able to run as desired by setting the amount of money circulating in the economy. That effort aims tomakeprice stability and inflation Islam tidak memisahkan antara apa yang wajib bagi masyarakat dengan upaya mewujudkan kesejahteraan manusia, tapi menjadikannya dua hal yang berhubungan. Islam memperhatikan kepentingan individu dan masyarakat secara bersamaan. Ketika Islam mengatur masalah masyarakat, ia memperhatikan kepentingan individu, demikian sebliknya ketika mengatur kepentingan individu, kepentingan masyarakat tidak diabaikan.Tulisan ini menguraikan secara sistematis bagaimana aturan-aturan ekonomi Islam secara makro itu, khususnya dalam masalah kebijakan moneter dan fiskal ( monetary dan fiskal policy). Kebijakan fiskal adalah kebijakan pemerintah dengan menggunakan instrument-instrument fiskal seperti pajak (tax), transfer, atau belanja pemerintah (government spending/purchase) yang ditujukan untuk mempengaruhi indikatorindikator makro ekonomi seperti pertumbuhan ekonomi dan inflasi.Secara umum, kebijakan fiskal adalah bentuk kebijakan ekonomi makro dalam pmerintah di mana pencapaian sasarannya difokuskan pada barang-barang di dalam negeri (domesticgoods), rumah tangga, ataupun perusahaan/swasta/pengusaha. Kebijakan moneter (monetarypolicy) adalah suatu usaha dalam mengendlikan keadaan ekonomi makro agar dapat berjalan sesuai dengan yang diinginkan melalui pengaturan jumlah uang yang beredar dalam perekonomian. Usaha tersebut dilakukan agar terjadi kestabilan harga dan inflasi.

References

Abidin Ahmad Salama,1995,fiskal policy of an Islamic state, Readings in public finance in
Islam, (edited by Mahamoud A. Gulaid & Aden Abdullah), Islamic research and
training institute (IRTI)-Islamic Development Bank (IDB), Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi
Arabia
Hasan Kiece, Menetary policy in Islamic economic framework case of Islamic republic of
iran, iran:Imam sadiq university
Hasanuzzaman, 1991, Economic function of an Islamic state ( the early eksperience), The
Islamic foundation , Leicester UK
M. umer chapra, menetary management in an Islamic economic, dalam jurnal Islamic
economic studies vol. 4, no. 1 desember 1996
Munawar Iqbal \dan M. Fahmi Khan, A Survey of issues and a programme for research in
monetary an fiskal economic of Islam.
Umer chapra, The Future of economic:An Islamic perspective, (Jakarta: Shariah Economic
and Banking institut, 2001),terj. Amdiarr Amir et.all.,
Quthb Ibrahim Muhammad,2003,kebijakan-kebijakan Ekonomi Umar Bin Khatab, Azzam,
Jakarta
Zia Ahmed, Islamic Financial Instrument In The Conduct of Monetary Policy
http: //www.merriam.webster.com/dictionary/monetary
Published
2016-08-17
How to Cite
AL-FADLI, Al-Fadli. KEBIJAKAN FISKAL DAN MONETER DALAM PERSPEKTIF EKONOMI ISLAM. Islamika : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Keislaman, [S.l.], v. 15, n. 1, aug. 2016. ISSN 2502-7565. Available at: <https://ejournal.iainkerinci.ac.id/index.php/islamika/article/view/34>. Date accessed: 11 apr. 2021.
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.